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Himalayas – Wikipedia

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Everest North Face toward Base Camp Tibet Luca Galuzzi 2006 edit 1.jpg

The Himalayas, or Himalaya, (/ˌhɪməˈl.ə/ or /hɪˈmɑːləjə/) form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

The Himalayan range has many of the Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest. The Himalayas include over fifty mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,600 ft) in elevation, including 10 of the 14 8000m peaks. By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia – Aconcagua, in the Andes – is 6,961 metres (22,838 ft) tall.[1]

The Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges, on the north by the Tibetan Plateau, and on the south by the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The Himalayas are distinct from the other great ranges of central Asia, although sometimes the term Himalaya is loosely used to include the Karakoram and some of the other ranges. The Himalayas are spread across five countries: Nepal, India, Bhutan, China, and Pakistan, with the first three countries having sovereignty over most of the range.[2] Some of the world’s major rivers, the Indus, the Ganges, and the TsangpoBrahmaputra, rise in the Himalayas, and their combined drainage basin is home to roughly 600 million people. The Himalayas have profoundly shaped the cultures of South Asia; many Himalayan peaks are sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism.

Lifted by the subduction of the Indian tectonic plate under the Eurasian Plate, the Himalayan Mountain range runs, west-northwest to east-southeast, in an arc 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi) long. Its western anchor, Nanga Parbat, lies just south of the northernmost bend of Indus river. Its eastern anchor, Namcha Barwa, is just west of the great bend of the Tsangpo river. The range varies in width from 400 kilometres (250 mi) in the west to 150 kilometres (93 mi) in the east.

Source: Himalayas – Wikipedia



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Appalachian Trail – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Appalachian TrailThe Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply the A.T., is a marked hiking trail in the eastern United States extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine.[1] The precise length of the trail changes over time as trails are modified or added. The total length is approximately 2,200 miles (3,500 km)[a]. The trail passes through the states of Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. The path is maintained by 30 trail clubs and multiple partnerships,[2] and managed by the National Park Service and the nonprofit Appalachian Trail Conservancy.[3][4] The majority of the trail is in wilderness, although some portions traverse towns, roads and cross rivers.

The Appalachian Trail is famous for its many hikers, some of whom, called thru-hikers, attempt to hike it in its entirety in a single season. Many books, memoirs, web sites and fan organizations are dedicated to this pursuit.

An unofficial extension known as the International Appalachian Trail continues north into Canada and to the end of the range, where it enters the Atlantic Ocean, whereas unofficial extensions heading south into Florida create what is known as the Eastern Continental Trail.

The Appalachian Trail, the Continental Divide Trail, and the Pacific Crest Trail form what is known as the Triple Crown of long distance hiking in the United States.[5][6]

Appalachian Trail – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


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Triple Crown of Hiking – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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PCT at Hwy 79 Warner Hotsprings

The Triple Crown of Hiking informally refers to the three major U.S. long distance hiking trails:

The total length of the three trails is about 7,900 miles (12,700 km); vertical gain is more than 1,000,000 feet (300,000 m) (190 miles). A total of 22 states are visited if the three trails are completed[4] The American Long Distance Hiking Association – West (ALDA-WEST) is the only organization that recognizes this hiking feat. At the ALDHA-West Gathering, held each fall, the Triple Crown honorees are recognized and awarded plaques noting their achievement. As of October 2011, 155 hikers have been designated Triple Crowners. [5]

 

via Triple Crown of Hiking – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Colorado Trail – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Colorado TrailThe Colorado Trail is a 486-mile (782 km) long-distance trail running from the mouth of Waterton Canyon southwest of Denver to Durango in Colorado, United States. Its highest point is 13,271-foot (4,045 m) above sea level, and most of the trail is above 10,000-foot (3,000 m). Despite its high elevation, the trail often dips below the alpine timberline to provide refuge from the exposed, storm-prone regions above.

The Colorado Trail was built and is currently maintained by the non-profit Colorado Trail Foundation and the United States Forest Service, and was connected in 1987.

via Colorado Trail – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Continental Divide Trail – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Continental Divide Trail

The Continental Divide National Scenic Trail (in short Continental Divide Trail) is a United States National Scenic Trail running 3,100 miles (5,000 km) between Mexico and Canada. It follows the Continental Divide of the Americas along the Rocky Mountains and traverses five U.S. states — Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico. In Montana it crosses Triple Divide Peak which separates the Hudson Bay, Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean drainages.

via Continental Divide Trail – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Pacific Northwest Trail – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Pacific Northwest TrailThe Pacific Northwest Trail (PNT), now designated as the Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail, is a 1200 mile hiking trail running from the Continental Divide in Montana (connecting it with the Continental Divide Trail), through the northern panhandle of Idaho, to the Pacific coast of Washington’s Olympic Peninsula. It traverses the Rocky Mountains, Selkirk Mountains, Pasayten Wilderness, North Cascades, Olympic Mountains, and Wilderness Coast. The trail crosses three National Parks and seven National Forests. The trail was designated a national scenic trail in 2009. The U.S. Department of Agriculture administers the trail.

 

via Pacific Northwest Trail – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Thru-hiking – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Thru-hiking is hiking a long-distance trail end-to-end. The term is most commonly associated with the Appalachian Trail, but is also used for other lengthy trails and long distance hikes, including the Pacific Crest Trail and the Continental Divide Trail in the United States and Te Araroa Trail in New Zealand. Thru-hiking is also called “end-to-end hiking” or “end-to-ending” on some trails, like Vermont’s Long Trail. Section hiking, on the other hand, refers to hiking a complete trail by hiking all of its individual sections, not in continuity or, necessarily, in sequence.

via Thru-hiking – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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